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Siddhartha Gautama: The lord Buddha.
Siddhartha Gautama. The man who later came to be known as the Buddha could lead a comfortable, carefree life. But he devoted himself to the search for truth and understanding in order to end human suffering. Later in life Gautama was given the name Buddha which means “enlightened” Buddha was regarded as enlightened because he had gained a spiritual understanding of his teachings from the foundation of Buddhism which is one of the world's major religions.
Buddha was born about 563 BC in Nepal. His family were nobles and heroes. They wanted him to be a hero too. But from childhood Buddha was quiet and thoughtful. He did not like the good life of his father's palace. He found it dull. So he started wandering in the countryside, thinking seriously about the right way to live. One day, about 533 BC, the Buddha met three men. The first was old, the second was sick, and the third was dead. Looking at Buddha he saw that the world was full of suffering. Why this he wondered if it could end.
The Buddha then met a fourth monk who lived on request. The monk was calm and quiet so the Buddha decided to try to live like him. The Buddha traveled extensively to study with Hindu teachers but their religious ideas did not satisfy him. Buddha also spent time alone thinking and meditating in 528 BC, He was sitting under a tree when he suddenly heard that he understood suffering. It was caused by the people themselves if they lived a better life would end. The Buddha said that everyone should try to be submissive to the generous and compassionate people and should refrain from violence and exercise self-control.
Buddha spent his entire life teaching and preaching. Many people followed him and some became monks and nuns. Others use his ideas to guide their daily lives. A new religion called Buddhism flourished and spread in many parts of the world. Buddha died in Nepal when he was about 80 years old. Today, he is still revered by millions in many lands.
Laxmi Prasad Devkota: The greatpoet in Nepali Literature.
Laxmi Prasad Devkota was born as a son of Tilmadhav Devkota and Amar Rajyalaxmi Devkota in kartik 27,1966 BS in Dhobidhara, Kathmandu while the entire Nepalese were celebrating the laxmipooja during the festival of Tihar. Laxmi Prasad Devkota was BA BL (Bachelor in arts and Bachelor in Law) from formal Education. He was an extremely and powerful poet who remains one of the most widely read authors today. He excelled not only as a poet But also an essayist, storyteller, novelist and more furthermore, he experimented in many genres of literature and gave the nepali language a flavor and character that many genres of literature and gave the nepali language a flavor and character that many present day authors emulate. He compose epics in Nepali language . He was the prolife author with spontaneous overflow of words and phrases Humanitarian principles were the guide lines in his life.
Devkota has proved him a multidimensional personality through his creation. He has played a singficant role for the development of nepali literature. He was committed for the democratic system in Nepal. He played the superb role for the establishment of the tribhuvan university( The only university in the then Nepal) He became the minister for education in 2013 Bs. During his tenure of ministry he promoted the opening of the schools throughout the country and made the nepali language principle medium o feducation. He has also helped establish the literary institution (presently Nepal academy)
Giving a glimpse to his creations shakuntal maharana pratap, Banakusum, and prithiraj Chauhan the great epics are the unique signature to nepali literature. Muna madan, luni, kunjini, srijamata and more epics have also been awarded to Nepali literature Laxami Nibandha sangraha and laxmi katha sangraha are the best compositions to the respected genres of the literature. Yatri( the traveler), pagal (the lunatic), Basanta (The spring) and many more of his poems have the grater influence in literature. Such a way, Devkota a litterateur with the virtue of multidimensional personality takes a significant credit for the enhancement of Nepali literature. Popularly known mahakabi, has over five dozens to his credit with several more wait to be published.
Form the biography of such a great personality, who left the influences for the enhancement of language and literature one can learn much and more. Such an unforgettable pillar with his greater contribution and influence closed his physical eyes forever in 2016 BS because of the fatal disease the cancer. Physically he is no more now but he always brightens in the sky of Nepali literature.
|Laxmi Prasad Devkota.|
BP Koirala: A Politician andLiterature.
Bp koirala was born in Bhadra 24, 1971 Bs, in Banaras India. He was the eldest son of Krishna Prasad koirala and Dibya koirala. He was graduated in the faculties of Humanities and social science and in Law. He was not only active in politics but also equally active in literature throughout his life.To the field of literature, he made nepali literature enrich through his compositions. He composed novels and stories much, Among the publications doshi chasma, and swait Bhairabi are the best known stories. Narendra Dai, sumnima, Modi aain, Tin Ghumti, Aama, Babu Ra Chhora are the popular novels His atmabritanta has got a peak and the jail journal was writtern in the sundarijal jail. Composing and publishing such valuable crations he has given a greater influence to Nepali literature introducing the fraud's psychology. Sociology and psychological presentation in Nepali literature through his creations.
To the filed of politics, he became an active and true patriotic freedom fighter democratic leader who was all the way optimist for equality, liberty, justice, and democracy, He expressed the dissatisfaction against the family rana rule and its rulers for their dissolute empowerment and luxuries. He also stood against the activities made by the British in Nepal.He became the first elected pm in Nepal. Throughout his politics, he had spent prime time of life in several jails for the establishment of democracy in Nepal. He had spent more time in the sundarijal jail during his jail life. We respect and honors such a great personality as the true source of inspiration for the policy of national conciliation.
From the biography of such a great personality who left influences in the politics and in the literature, one can enlighten much and more such an unforgettable pillar with his greater contribution and influence left for this physical world in shrawan 6 2039 Bs forever. Physically he is no more now but he always remains in our hearts and in the memories.
Explorer Roald Amundsen
Amundsen was born in Norway in 1872. After studying medicine in college, he joined the Norwegian navy and went to sea. Amundsen led his first expedition beginning in 1903. For three years he voyaged through the northwest passage, an east-west sea route north of Canada. He was the first explorer to successfully cross the passage. During the trip, Amundsen mane surveys and studied the weather. He also studied how the inuit people of northern Canada survived in the harsh arctic environment. Amundsen put his knowledge of freezing conditions to good use on his next expedition. This time he went to Antarctica, with hopes of reaching the south pole.
Napoleon Bonaparte was born in 1769 on Corsica, an island in the Mediterranean sea. At the age of 16, Napoleon joined in the French army. In 1789, a revolution began that rocked France. The king and queen were executed. Hungry working people demanded new freedoms. Revolutionary governments in France swept away old laws. They declared war on supporters of the former king./ The French Revolution lasted until 1799.Napoleon first showed his military skill fighting for the French revolution. In 1794 He captured the French city of Toulon, which supported rule by royalty. For this success, Napoleon saved the revolutionary government from rioters in Paris. From 1796 to 1797, Napoleon commanded the French army on the Italian-French Border. While there, he managed to defeat bigger armies from Austria, France. Chief enemy of the day. Napoleon went on to invade Egypt in 1798. Napoleon victories enlarged France's chief enemy of the day. Napoleon went on to invade Egypt in 1798.Napoleon victories enlarged France's territory. Napoleon returned to France as a hero. The French people had lost confidence in the revolutionary government. So napoleon decided to seize control. In November 1799, Napoleon set up a new government with himself as leader.
Napoleon reorganized national and local government. He made new laws that upheld religious freedom and other rights of the people. He introduced fairer taxes and a new education system From 1800 to 1802 he forced European countries that had joined together against France to agree to make peace. In 1804, Napoleon crowned himself emperor of France as napoleon I. He paid top artists to portray him in proud, P, Napoleon Invaded spain. Spanish fighters put up a fighters put up a fierce resistance. They used guerrilla tactics surprise attacks and rapid retreats making it impossible for napoleon to win owerful pose. France was now the strongest nation in Europe. But napoleon wasn't satisfied. Ruthless, Restless, and always seeking glory, he dreamed of a mighty empire.,In 1805, Britain defeated France's Ships of the southern coast of Spain in the famous Battle of Trafalgar. But by 1807, Napoleon had smashed Russian and Prussian armies and won more land for France. In 1811 Napoleon led 600,000 soldiers to invade Russia Through bitter winter weather, They marched to Moscow, Russia's capital. But they found themselves stranded. The Russians had set fire to much of the city. Destroying food and shelter needed by napoleon's troops. Napoleon had to retreat. Over half his men died.Soon after this loss, napoleon suffered another defeat at leaping suffered another defeat at leaping Germany. The Courtiers allied against France forced napoleon to step down. He was sent into exile on the Mediterranean island of Elba, Near Italy. In 1813.Napoleon was not a man to give in. 1815, he escaped from Elba and dashed back to Paris. There, He was greeted by cheering crowds Napoleon gathered an army and marched north into Belgium to face enemy forces. The Campaign in Belgium ended in disaster. Napoleon's outnumbered troops met a crushing defeat in the Battle of waterloo, one of history's most famous battles. Of waterloo, one of history's most famous battles. Napoleon spent his last years as a prisoner on the island of saint Helena in the Atlantic ocean, He died in 1821. But Napoleon's Influence on France has lasted long after his death many of his reforms in law government. And education still govern French life today.ch called napoleon Bonaparte " a man of destiny" A hero in France, Napoleon was Napoleon was then hated elsewhere in Europe. Today. Toda, he is remembered as on of the greatest military leaders of all time. He built an empire that covered much of Europe.
Aristotle was born in 384 BC in ancient Macedonia (Now Northern Greece),. His father was a doctor. When Aristotle was 17, He went to Athens, the biggest and richest city in ancient Greece. He stayed there for most of his life studying and teaching. He set up his own school, where students discussed new ideas while strolling in the gardens. From 345 to 335 BC, Aristotle lived in Macedonia, He worked as tutor to prince Alexander, Who later became known as Alexander the Great. In 335 BC Aristotle returned to Athens, In 323 BC, Alexander died and his friends became unpopular, Aristotle was forced to leave his school in Athens. He died the next year, in 322 BC.
Aristotle studied many many subjects But he was most interested in science, especially. Biology (the study of all living things).Zoology (the study of animals and astronomy (the study of the universe ) He tried to find out how humans think and how they experience the world around them He also tried to describe Invisible things, such as the mind and the soul he invented a new science, called causality. It explained why things happen. In all his investigations, Aristotle pioneered a new way of studying he looked for clues in what he saw and for proof. He didn't use guesswork or accept whatever people already believed. His method of questioning changed the way scholars worked for many centuries.
Aristotle write Many books and he kept notes to help teach his students. These might easily have been lost after ancient Greek civilization collapsed. But Muslim scientists carefully preserved these writings an passed them on to scholars in Europe and Asia. Aristotle's Ideas spread around the world. Today, he is remembered as one of the greatest philosophers who ever lived.